The square occupies the area of the ancient stadium of Domitian (Circo Agonal), with a capacity of 30,000 spectators, where the Romans carried out their sporting and competitive activities.
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Built in an elegant Baroque style, Piazza Navona is one of the most beautiful and famous squares in Rome.
The fountains of Piazza Navona
Undoubtedly, the most fascinating elements of Piazza Navona are the three fountains built during the mandate of Gregorio XIII Boncompagni:
fountain of the Four Rivers
In the center of Piazza Navona is the Fountain of the Four Rivers, designed by Bernini in 1651. The four statues of the fountain represent the most important rivers of the time: the Nile, the Danube, the Ganges and the Río de la Plata. In the center of the square there is a 16 meter high obelisk, which was previously located in the Circus of Maxentius on the Via Appia.
Fontana del Moro
Created by Giacomo della Porta and perfected by Bernini, who later added dolphins, the Fontana del Moro was initially known as the Snail Fountain. It is located in the southern part of the square.
Fountain of Neptune
Like the Fontana del Moro, that of Neptune was also designed by Giacomo della Porta. It was abandoned from its creation until 1873, when the work was finalized by Zappalà and Della Bitta.
Until the mid-nineteenth century, in the summer the water outlets of the three fountains were closed and the central part of the square flooded, becoming “The Lake of Piazza Navona”.
A pleasant area
The square is surrounded by bars and restaurants and is surrounded by a pleasant atmosphere during the day. It is a very lively area where, at any time of day, you can attend performances by street artists such as magicians or dancers.
Among the buildings that delimit the square are the famous Palazzo Doria-Pamphili and the splendid Church of Santa Agnese.